Utilizing a Regular Counterbalance lift truck
1 Prior to operating the machine, carry out a pre-shift inspection. OSHA guidelines do state that pre-shift checklists need to be performed every day or every shift. Every different machine along with its attachments has its own checklist listing lights, emergency brakes, steering, brakes, horn, controls and safety features.
2 When starting up the equipment and check the controls, it is essential to ensure that the seatbelt is fastened and the seat has been adjusted for your maximum comfort. Look underneath the machine after you move it for any signs of leaks. The operation of every kind of forklift is different.
3 Don't forget differences in the basics of lift truck operation as opposed to a regular vehicle. The rear end swing of the forklift happens because of the fact that the truck steers with its rear wheels. Forgetting this fact is a major cause of accidents and injuries to workers. The nearly 90-degree turn from the front wheels must be done with utmost caution. These top-heavy machinery have a high center of gravity even without a load. When lifting or moving a load this top-heaviness is exacerbated.
4 Keep forks near the floor when traveling. Utilize care when approaching loads. Be sure the forks line up properly with the pallet. Lift the load just as high as is necessary, tilting it back to help stabilize the machinery. Drive backwards only if the load is so big that it interferes with driver vision.
5 Before loading and unloading, check the wheels on trucks/trailers. When carrying a load, it is not advised to travel on inclines. The equipment can tip over on a slope. When driving on a slope is necessary, always drive up the slope and back down. The load must be kept on the uphill side of the truck.
6 The operator should be firmly in control all the time. The main reason for operator injuries is tip-over. The driver must never try to jump out of the truck in the event of a tip-over. The safest method is to lean away from the direction of fall while holding the steering wheel and bracing your feet.