The ITA or Industrial Truck Association has determined 7 various categories of forklifts. These classifications are divided into the type of work environment; indoors, outdoors, rough or smooth surfaces and narrow aisle; by the kind of engine; whether the operator is sitting down or standing; and lastly the equipment characteristics, regarding the maximum grade and tire type. Some of the categories are further sub-divided by operating characteristics. Here are the following forklift categories:
Category 1 Forklifts: are considered to be electric motor trucks with pneumatic or air filled tires or cushion tires. The Class 1 lift trucks also include 4 lift codes, or subcategories that are:
Lift Code 1: Stand-up, counterbalanced rider unit.
Lift Code 4: 3-Wheel electric sit-down units.
Lift Code 5: Counterbalanced rider, cushion tire sit down tires.
Lift Code 6: Includes pneumatic tire models, sit-down rider, and counterbalanced rider.
Class 2 Forklifts: Class 2 lift trucks narrow aisle trucks with electric motors and solid tires.
Class 3 Forklifts: Class 3 lift trucks comprise electric hand trucks and hand/rider trucks with solid tires.
Class 4 Forklifts: Class 4 forklifts are the IC or internal combustion units. These are sit down rider forklifts with cushion tires. Generally, they are suitable for indoor use and on hard surfaces.
Category 5 Forklifts: Internal Combustion sit down rider models outfitted with pneumatic tires make up Class 5 forklifts. Normally, these units are great for working areas with significant inclines or on rough surfaces outdoors.
Class 6 Forklifts: Class 6 lift trucks will consist of IC powered or electric models. These ride-on models could tow at least 1000 lbs. This specific class is designed and engineered to tow cargo rather than lift it.
Category 7 Forklifts: Class 7 only included rough terrain models with pneumatic tires. The Category 7 forklifts are powered by diesel engines and are almost exclusively utilized outdoors.
The different categories of lift trucks help to keep them organized and separated. Various kinds of working environments depend on different categories in order to get their work completed. Forklifts are rather particular in their loading and lifting capacities. Their different kinds of engines and tires are made for specific operation. To be able to pick the best forklift to fulfill your tasks and to meet your requirements, do some research to know exactly what you would need from your specific unit. By speaking to some trustworthy dealers and making time to investigate your choices, you could pick the right machine.