Oregon is a state in the United States of America, located within the Northwest on the Pacific coast. Salem is the state capital, but Portland is the most populous city. The state of Oregon is bounded by the state of Washington to the north, the state of California to the south, the state of Idaho towards the east and the state of Nevada towards the southeast. The Snake River delineates the eastern boundary and the Columbia River delineates the northern boundary.
The landscape of Oregon is extremely diverse, encompassing the rainy Pacific shore with forests of Redwoods and Douglas Firs, the rugged Cascade Mountain Range with waterfalls and lakes, and the high desert of the eastern portion of the state, extending into the Great Basin. The eastern part of Oregon has deserts, prairies, steppes, meadows and semi-arid shrublands. The highest elevation within the state of Oregon is 11,249 feet at Mount Hood.
Indigenous tribes initially inhabited the area prior to the arrival of European settlers. An autonomous government was formed in Oregon Country in the year 1843 and the Oregon Territory was created in the year 1848. In the year 1859, Oregon became a state.
The population of the state of Oregon is roughly 3.8 million, with nearly all of these residents located within the valley of the Willamette River within western Oregon. The population of Portland City is 583,776.
Crater Lake National Park is the state's only national park. Crater Lake is one of the world's deepest lakes.
The Willamette Valley is a fertile region due to deposits onto the valley floor of lake sediment from Glacial Lake Missoula within western Montana. Oregon State is a top producer of hazelnuts and produces practically all of the domestic hazelnuts sold within the US. Oregon is a leading wine-producing region with over 300 wineries. Wine production has been a substantial trade for around 40 years. The area has the same soil qualities and weather condition to those located in the Burgundy and Alsace regions of France. Cranberry production is situated along the Southern coastline covering about 27,000 acres in northern Curry and southern Coos counties, around Bandon.
In the Northeastern region of Oregon, dry and irrigated land wheat is grown around Pendleton. Oregon likewise produces dairy products, cattle, eggs, sheep and poultry.
Because of its extensive forests, Oregon State used to be among the nation's main producers of timber. A lot of factors have caused a vast decline in the timber harvested from federal lands. Legal struggles over management of federal holdings, over-harvesting and forest fires have reduced timber production.